Find Science Jobs in Canada

June 20, 2024


  • Sinethemba Phongolo

With its commitment to research and innovation, Canada stands at the forefront of scientific advancement, providing an attractive labor market for immigrants who want to find science jobs in Canada. Our guide offers an informative path to you through the processes of finding science jobs in Canada, offering insights into popular fields, essential qualifications, and effective job search strategies. If you are a recent graduate or an experienced professional looking to advance your career, exploring opportunities in Canada's science sector promises exciting possibilities and a chance to contribute to groundbreaking discoveries.

Are you ready to uncover the process of finding science jobs in Canada? Then have a look at our exploration of Canada's science industry and the various opportunities available for scientific professionals looking for rewarding careers in research and innovation.

How Can I Find Science Jobs in Canada?

Canada boasts a thriving science sector, offering many opportunities for researchers, technicians, and professionals. Below is our guide through the ten essential steps to find science jobs in Canada.

Step 1: Research Canada’s Science Market

Research Canada's key areas of scientific strength. You can begin your search by looking at Canada's major science industry sectors below.

Biotechnology and Pharmaceuticals

According to a report by BioNova Canada, a national industry association, this sector employs over 60,000 individuals and contributes over 109.69 billion CAD to the Canadian economy. From pioneering research in gene editing to developing targeted cancer therapies, Canadian scientists are at the forefront of medical breakthroughs.

Information and Communications Technology (ICT)

A report by the Information Technology Association of Canada (ITAC) highlights the sector's significant contribution, employing over 660,000 individuals and generating over 246,78 billion CAD in revenue. Canadian scientists in ICT are in charge of artificial intelligence, big data analytics, and cybersecurity, shaping the future of communication and information processing.

Agriculture and Agri-Food

A report by Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada (AAFC) emphasizes the sector's critical role, with over 2.1 million jobs and contributing over 239,90 billion CAD to the GDP. From developing disease-resistant crops to optimizing sustainable farming techniques, Canadian scientists are addressing global food challenges through innovative research.

Natural Resources and Clean Technology

A recent report by Natural Resources Canada (NRCan) highlights the sector's focus on clean energy technologies, with investments exceeding 24,67 billion CAD. Canadian scientists in this sector are developing solutions for renewable energy sources, sustainable resource management, and environmental remediation, ensuring a greener future.


The Canadian Space Agency (CSA) reports that the space sector alone generates over 8,22 billion CAD in annual revenue. Canadian scientists are pushing the boundaries in aerospace, from contributing to international space exploration missions to developing cutting-edge aircraft technologies.

Top 5 Science Jobs in Canada

Below are the top 5 science jobs in Canada with National Occupational Classification (NOC) codes and annual average salaries from Canada's Job Bank.

Top Science Jobs NOC Codes Annual Average Salary
Artificial Intelligence Specialist 21211 122,704.62
Data Scientist 21211 122,681.32
Software Developer 21232 119,109.67
Environmental Scientist 21110 106,792.53
Biotechnologist 21110 72,067.58

Step 2: Identify the Licensing Requirements of Your Field

Research the licensing body and specific requirements for your scientific field in your target province. For example, the Canadian Pharmacists Association regulates pharmacists, while the Canadian Psychological Association oversees psychologists. Obtaining the necessary licenses demonstrates your commitment to practicing within the Canadian regulatory framework and enhances your employability.

Step 3: Write a Cover Letter and Resume Meeting Canadian Standards

Make sure your cover letter and resume for each position you apply for meet Canadian standards. Canadian resumes typically follow a one- to two-page format, focusing on achievements and quantifiable results. Use strong action verbs and numbers to showcase your contributions in previous roles. Highlight relevant skills and experience mentioned in the job description.

Your cover letter should be straight to the point, expressing your enthusiasm for your prospective Canadian employer's specific role and company. Research the company's mission and values, and demonstrate how your skills align with their goals.

Step 4: Browse Online Job Boards, Science-Focused Platforms and Government Resources

The internet is a treasure for job postings. Use major job boards like Indeed Canada, Glassdoor, and Monster Canada to find various science jobs. Explore science-specific job boards like Life Sciences Nation or Science Careers for a more targeted search. Job portals like Canada’s Job Bank often list scientific research positions. Set up job alerts to receive notifications for new postings matching your criteria.

Step 5: Take a Look at Scientific Company Websites

While job boards offer many opportunities, you must also consider company websites. Many research institutions and scientific companies have dedicated careers sections listing current openings. This allows you to directly express your interest in working for a specific organization known for its research in your field of interest.

Step 6: Join Scientific Professional Associations

Joining professional associations in your scientific field offers many benefits. These organizations often have job boards featuring positions exclusive to members. Attending conferences and workshops allows you to network with established professionals, gain valuable insights into Canada’s science industries, and potentially meet potential Canadian employers.

Find out more about Canada’s Professional Immigrant Networks.

Step 7: Register and Build a LinkedIn Profile

LinkedIn is a powerful tool for professional networking and job hunting. Create a profile highlighting your education, skills, experience, and scientific achievements. Include keywords relevant to your field to improve your discoverability by recruiters. Connect with colleagues, professors, and professionals in your field. Join relevant LinkedIn groups to stay updated on industry trends and job postings.

Learn how to create the perfect Linkedin profile to get work in Canada.

Step 8: Improve Your Resume By Volunteering at Scientific Organizations

Volunteering is a fantastic way to gain valuable experience, develop new skills, and build your network. Scientific organizations often have volunteer opportunities to assist with research projects, educational outreach programs, or administrative tasks. This strengthens your resume and demonstrates your dedication to science and willingness to contribute to Canada’s communities.

Step 9: Prepare For Your Interview

Once you secure an interview, ensuring you are prepared is crucial. Research the company and the specific position. Anticipate common interview questions in your field and practice your responses, focusing on showcasing your qualifications and scientific expertise. Prepare questions to ask the interviewer about the role, the team, and the company culture. Practicing with a friend or mentor can help you feel confident during the interview.

Learn how to get a job in Canada with these interview tricks.

Step 10: Practice Your Salary Negotiation Skills

Salary negotiation is an essential part of the job acceptance process. Research average salaries for your experience level and position in your target location. Salary data can be found on websites like Glassdoor or specialized science career resources. Be prepared to discuss your qualifications and the value you bring to the position.

Develop a negotiation strategy that is fair, confident, and professional. While salary is important, consider other benefits like health insurance, professional development opportunities, and paid time off.

Learn how to negotiate your salary in Canada.

Do I Need a Canada Work Permit to Work in Canada’s Scientific Industry?

For most foreign nationals, securing a Canada work permit is a crucial step to land a science job in Canada. Here is a breakdown of the key factors to consider.

General Requirement

Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) states that foreign nationals typically need a Canada work permit to be employed in the country. This applies to most scientific professions, from research scientists to lab technicians.

Employer-Specific Work Permit

The most common work permit for scientists is employer-specific. This Canada work permit is tied to a specific Canadian employer and job offer. Your Canadian employer must obtain a Labor Market Impact Assessment (LMIA) demonstrating that they could not find a Canadian citizen or permanent resident for the role. Sometimes, your Canadian employer may be exempt from the LMIA requirement, depending on your field and free trade agreements.

Open Work Permits

For more flexibility, consider an open work permit. This allows you to work for any employer in Canada. However, obtaining an open work permit can be challenging for most science jobs, as employers typically require LMIA approval.

Planning & Resources

Obtaining a Canada work permit can take time. Start planning early and consult the IRCC website for detailed information and application procedures. Immigration lawyers can also provide valuable guidance specific to your situation.


A few exceptions exist. Researchers visiting Canada for short-term projects under 120 days may be eligible for a work permit exemption, provided they meet specific criteria set by IRCC. Some international agreements, like the Canada-European Union Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (CETA) and the Canada-United Kingdom Trade Continuity Agreement (CUKTA), offer work permit exemptions for specific scientific occupations under certain conditions.

Find out how to work without a Canadian work permit.

What Are the Benefits of Working in Canada’s Science Industry?

Canada's science sector offers researchers and scientific professionals a compelling proposition. Beyond the breathtaking landscapes and renowned quality of life, a wealth of benefits awaits those pursuing a scientific career in Canada, as outlined below.

Competitive Salaries and Benefits Packages in Canada

Canadian scientists enjoy competitive salaries and comprehensive benefits packages. According to Canada’s Centre for Workforce and Business Development report, salaries in science and technology occupations are generally higher than the national average. This, together with employer-provided health insurance, pension plans, and paid time off as required by Employment and Social Development Canada (ESDC), creates a healthy work-life balance.

Canada’s Cutting-Edge Research And Innovation

Canada is a global leader in scientific research and innovation. The government heavily invests in research and development (R&D) through its Innovation, Science, and Economic Development Canada (ISED) department. This creates an environment where scientists can push boundaries and contribute to groundbreaking discoveries.

From pioneering advancements in clean technology to leading the fight against infectious diseases, Canada's scientific landscape offers the opportunity to work on projects with real-world impact.

Access to State-of-the-Art Facilities And Resources in Canada

Canadian science excels in providing its researchers with the finest instruments. Universities, research institutes, and private companies invest heavily in advanced equipment and infrastructure. This ensures scientists have access to cutting-edge technology and methodologies, allowing them to conduct research at the forefront of scientific progress. Some of the most prominent Canadian scientific institutes include the:

Opportunities for International Collaboration and Networking in Canada

Canadian scientists actively collaborate with international counterparts. This creates an environment of knowledge exchange and cross-pollination of ideas. As a Canadian science worker, you will have the opportunity to engage with a global network of researchers, participate in international conferences, and co-author groundbreaking publications.


How do I Check the Status of my Science Job Application in Canada?

To check the status of your science job application in Canada, you can log into the employer's application portal or contact their human resources department directly via email or phone. It is advisable to wait for a reasonable period after applying before following up, demonstrating your continued interest and professionalism.

What Resources Can Help Me Prepare For Science Job Interviews in Canada?

Resources to prepare for science job interviews in Canada include researching the company or institution thoroughly, practicing common interview questions related to your field of expertise, attending mock interviews offered by career centers or professional associations, and leveraging online resources such as industry-specific forums or LinkedIn groups for insights and advice.