Do you want to study in Canada? Are you someone who is considering whether or not private schools are better than public schools? Before moving to Canada, many families want to know more about the differences and similarities between private and public schools.
As international students are a key part of Canada’s strategy to attract economic immigrants. Under the Express Entry selection program, those who have studied or worked in Canada are likely to receive more points than those who haven’t.
In this article, we’ve outlined several of the differences and similarities between public and private schools in Canada.
Private School in Canada
Increased parental involvement in children’s education—at home and within school community.
Class sizes are usually smaller. One-on-one time with students has been proven to improve academic achievement.
Private schools often have a good reputation in global higher education institutions, with many schools boasting a one-hundred percent rate of students attending their first choice university.
The private school system provides various educational options, including;
international exchange programs;
advanced placement (AP);
International Baccalaureate (IB);
faith-based schools—Christian, Jewish, Muslim; coed or single gender schools; and special needs schools.
Excellent extracurricular activities or special programs—e.g., arts, sports, clubs, music.
Dedicated and well-trained teachers, many with advanced degrees.
Not run by tax dollars, thus more freedom in curriculum design and general governance.
Larger student populations in public schools may lead to decreased supervision and more bullying issues.
Public schools may have more bureaucracy, leading to:
less innovation in program offering;
less positive change at the institutional level; and decreased parental influence on a child’s educational progress and disciplinary measures
Children who are less assertive or different may miss out on social and leadership opportunities with larger school sizes in public schools.
Public School in Canada
Cost-effective—public school is free because it is paid through tax.
Like private schools, some public schools offer specialized courses or programs—e.g., math and science, special needs, and the arts.
Public schools don’t usually require prospective students to undergo entrance interviews or tests in order to attend the school, so students may be exposed to a wider range of people.
Students in public schools are typically grouped according to a geographical area, which can be an advantage in terms of out-of-school socializing.
Typically, teachers in North American public schools must have a bachelor’s degree, as well as federal, state, or provincial certification.
Public schools are overseen by provincial governments and local school boards (many private schools that receive government funding or grant credits for the provincial high school diploma are also required to abide by provincial standards, but families must exercise due diligence and do research on each school).
Top public schools may have a wide range of resources and cutting-edge equipment.
Some private schools may be more selective than public schools and can be stressful to get in to.
Although there are more ways and financial aid to manage the costs of private school, private schools may not be affordable for some families
The starting point for any international student to be able to study in Canada is to obtain a study permit.
As of June 01, 2014, Canadian schools were required to obtain certification as a Designated Learning Institution (DLI).
Almost ALL schools in Canada have been able to be registered as a DLI for immigration purposes.
Immigration Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) provides a system for determining whether your chosen school is a DLI such that you will be eligible for a study permit.
Many students assume that if they are studying at a DLI that has been recognized by IRCC, that they will also qualify for a Post Graduate Work Permit (PGWP). But that is not the case.
To be eligible for a PGWP you must be taking a program of study at a public college or university or at a private school that is able to grant certificates, diplomas or degrees in accordance with provincial legislation.
There are many, many private schools that do not fit this description.
Private language schools, vocational schools, and private colleges generally are not able to issue provincially recognized educational credentials, and completing their programs will not allow a student to obtain a PGWP.