Saskatchewan is a Canadian prairie province in the central part of the country. It has an area of 651,900 square kilometers and a population of just over 1 million inhabitants. Over 70% of the population lives in the southern half of the province. The capital city is called Regina, bordered on the west by Alberta, Nunavut and the Northwest territories to the north, Manitoba to the east, and on the south by the U.S. states of North Dakota and Montana.
Saskatchewan is one of only two Canadian provinces that are completely landlocked. The climate is humid continental, with hot, humid summers, and bitterly cold winters, blizzards, and sub-zero temperatures are a common feature. Saskatchewan is the most tornado-prone province. The geography is rolling hills, grassland, and forests. The northern part of the province’s climate is Sub-Arctic.
The largest ethnic group is German, followed by English, Irish, and Scottish. This covers around 75% of the population. There is some immigration, mostly thanks to the production of agriculture products in the various fields.
Saskatchewan is the largest producer of potash in the world, a top supplier of uranium, and the largest exporter of lentils, dried peas, and canola. Built on this strong base of resources are the manufacturing and technology sectors. The province is home to some of the world’s biggest dry-land agricultural equipment manufacturers and world-leading biotechnology and carbon capture, and storage technology. This industrial diversity has contributed immensely to the economy of Saskatchewan.
Since the late 19th century, the economy has been centered around agriculture and livestock production. Saskatchewan produces a significant amount of wheat, barley, and other grains, and only Alberta produces more beef. During the 20th century, oil drilling and natural gas extraction have also become important. Tourism, in the form of hunting, fishing, hiking and camping also contributes to the public coffers.
The education system in the province of Saskatchewan runs from kindergarten to grade 12, and the province is unique in that it divides its education sectors into four distinct sub-sections, namely the public system, the separate system, French system and Protestant system. The individual municipalities and communities are responsible for managing the schools in their jurisdictions through locally elected parallel school boards.
The university of Saskatchewan in Saskatoon is the largest and most prestigious university in the province. Along with its world-renowned particles physics program, the university is a research center with a state-of-the-art medical school, excellent commerce department, and one of Canada’s best agricultural economics programs. The Saskatoon Institute of Applied Science and Technology is a vocational and technical school offering a variety of certificates and degrees related to everything from agriculture to aviation.
The major attractions in Saskatchewan are its 100,000 pristine lakes, thousands of miles of beautiful rivers and streams, and abundant forests full of wildlife. Camping, hiking, canoeing/kayaking, hunting, and fishing opportunities are almost limitless.
Some of the notable attractions in the province include the Abernethy Natural Heritage Museum which offers visitors the unique opportunity of viewing the work of naturalist R.P Stueck, including the collection of over 300 mounted birds and animals. The Aboriginal Rock Art allows visitors the opportunity of studying traces of ancient history that have been preserved through red ochre cave paintings of humans, animals, and geometric shapes. These protected sites are only accessible through water transport.
The Alcott Creek Forest of Science and Discovery is a timber harvesting site, formed in 1996. Visitors can discover the forest wonders and learn how Mistik Management integrated the needs of all forest users during harvesting, which also includes a challenging 2 km hiking trail.
There are only four art galleries and museums in Saskatchewan, all in Regina or Saskatoon and you can even visit the various sites of aboriginal tribes who have Pow Wows that they have opened to the public.
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