Nova Scotia (Latin for New Scotland) is a Canadian Maritime province located along the eastern coastline, almost exactly halfway between the equator and the North Pole. The capital city is Halifax. Technically, Nova Scotia is an island or rather a series of over 3800 coastal islands with an area of 55, 284 square kilometers, and a population of around 930,000, making it the 2nd most densely populated province in Canada. The climate is a mixture of Continental, and Maritime, with cold wet winters, and warm, pleasant summers.
The largest ethnic group is Scottish (28%), followed by English (28%), French (17%), Aboriginal (10%), and Other (20%). Nova Scotia is a very comfortable place for immigrants, especially due to its legislation, but also due to the many wonderful opportunities in fields.
Nova Scotia’s traditional economy was based on its abundant natural resources, especially its fisheries. Today, the economy is supported by off-shore oil rigs and tourism. 200,000 cruise ship passengers pass through the capital port of Halifax each year, contributing $1.3 billion to the local coffers. Nova Scotia has a fast growing Information and Technology industry and is the world’s largest exporter of Christmas trees, lobsters, gypsum, and wild berries. This offers interesting job opportunities in fields such as trade and export, fishing, tourism, and more.
Although agriculture and mining have been integral to the growth of the economy in Nova Scotia production and revenues have been declining recently. Tourism is the now one of the top revenue generators in the province, providing nearly 40% of the overall annual revenues in the province.
The province is also boosted by an ever expanding Information & Communication Technology (ICT) sector. In Nova Scotia, the ICT sector now consists of nearly 500 companies, employing over 15,000 people.
Nova Scotia has 10 Universities, including Acadia University, Atlantic School of Theology, Cape Breton University, Dalhousie University, Mount Saint Vincent University, NSCAD University, Saint Francis Xavier University, Universitè Sainte-Anne, and the University of Kings College. There are also over 90 private commercial colleges. This makes Nova Scotia an educational center, with wonderful academic opportunities, in many fields. As a whole, the provincial government realizes the importance of the education sector and subsequently it is one of the provinces that is known to spend more on education.
Nova Scotia has long been recognized as a center for excellence in the Arts. The province has numerous art galleries, playhouses and performing arts centers. Nova Scotia has many museums that reflect its ethnic heritage, as well as numerous historical sites and National Parks. Halifax was once a major shipbuilding facility during the days of sail, and this is elegantly represented by the Maritime Museum of the Atlantic. Of course, sport-fishing in the Bay of Fundy is also a major attraction.
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