Newfoundland and Labrador are found in the easternmost province in Canada. Consisting of the island of Newfoundland and a mainland portion called Labrador, they have a combined area of 405,212 square kilometers and a population of half a million people, with over 90% living in the island of Newfoundland. Over half of the island’s population lives on the Avalon Peninsula.
The province is Canada’s most unified area linguistically, with over 97% speaking English as their main language. The capital city is St. Johns. Labrador is only bordered by Quebec to the west and south, and the Atlantic Ocean everywhere else, except for a very small portion at the northernmost tip, which shares a border with Nunavut.
Newfoundland, as an island, is of course surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean. The climate in Labrador ranges from Sub-Arctic in the south to Arctic Tundra in the north. Newfoundland’s climate is Maritime Continental and much milder with a somewhat mountainous terrain. Newfoundland’s Long Range Mountains are actually the north end of the Appalachian Mountain Range.
The ethnic profile of Newfoundland and Labrador is overwhelmingly from the British Isles (English, Irish, and Scottish) at 90%, with the French coming in 2nd at 5.5%. The remaining 4.5% is aboriginal. With a relatively small population of just over 500,000 more than half of whom live on the Avalon Peninsula in Newfoundland.
Throughout the 17th, 18th and 19th centuries, many skirmishes ensued between Britain, France, Portugal and Spain over fishing rights in Newfoundland. Fishing rights for all were not satisfactorily settled for good until 1910. The main driving force for Newfoundland and Labrador’s economy remains its excellent fisheries. The soil is too poor to make commercial farming a workable proposition. Mining, especially of iron ore, produces around 50% of Canada’s iron supplies. Offshore oil rigs fuel around 20% of the province’s GDP.
Newfoundland and Labrador provide immigrants with many opportunities in the fields of fishery and resources. Considering the richness of the land in the aforementioned resources, there is a constant need for capable workers.
There are only two publicly-funded institutes of higher learning, both in Newfoundland. The Memorial University of Newfoundland in St. Johns, Newfoundland, was established in 1925. It has 4 main campuses, 2 satellite campuses in 3 regions of Newfoundland and Labrador, and offers degrees in Engineering, Geology, Business, and Medicine. It is rated as one of the best universities in Canada.
The College of the North Atlantic, in Stephenville, Newfoundland was established in 1997 from several smaller trade-schools, offering over 100-degree programs at 17 campuses all over Newfoundland and Labrador. In addition, there are 25 private trade schools throughout Newfoundland and Labrador. All are considered high-quality education facilities.
If you are into sightseeing, Newfoundland and Labrador have many rustic lighthouses, museums, and vintage architecture to see. The is a Fisherman’s Museum in Twillingate, an Aquarium in Petty Harbour, several nature preserves, lots of different exhibits, a few art galleries, and theaters. For hunters, the province has excellent populations of moose and caribou, black bear, lynx, small game, migratory birds, and waterfowl. Few places on earth can rival the fishing in Newfoundland and Labrador, with world-class opportunities for landlocked salmon, northern pike, whitefish, trophy brook trout, Atlantic salmon, and arctic char.
There are many breath-taking places to kayak, canoe, go rafting, scuba diving, sailing, and snowmobiling including two National Parks, 15 golf courses, 3 bicycle tours, and 7 ski resorts.
Newfoundland and Labrador offer something for just about everyone. With interesting work opportunities, good educational system and low crime rates, this is an attractive place to start your new life.
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